Userritreme
Vieša
Pranešti

Digital shadow economy: consumer's point of view

1. Have you ever bought goods/services in digital world/online?
2. How often do you buy goods/services online?
3. Do you check the status of the owner who sells goods/services online, whether he has license for his activity?
4. What reasons determine you to check the status of the goods/services‘ owner in digital world?
5. Do you ask for the documents confirming the purchase of goods and services (invoices, receipts, settlement documents, etc.)?
6. Have you ever bought illegal goods online (smuggled cigarettes, alcohol, prohibited pharmaceuticals, drugs, etc.)?
7. What types of goods/services do you usually buy online?
8. Which definition of digital shadow economy, in your opinion, defines the best this phenomenon
Strongly disagree (1)Disagree (2)Neither agree nor disagree (3)Agree (4)Strongly agree (5)
1. Digital shadow economy is a part of shadow economy, when illegal profit-driven online trade or service provision is performed. The activities of digital shadow economy have the trend to be of repeated or non-repeated nature with or without changing IP addresses/computer networks.
2. Digital shadow economy refers to global networks emerging in closed Internet forums and promoting chains of e-crimes, including bank attacks, payment card crimes, identity thefts and other Internet intrusions
3. (Un)interrupted, financial gain driven provision of particular commodities or services in the remote space, performed without activity registration and causing damage to an officially registered subject, who provides similar commodities or services.
4. Digital shadow economy is an illegal operation in the Internet space, which generates illegal money flows for commodity/service providers or purchasers, and deprives legal traders/service providers from the revenue that could be officially accounted, calculated and declared
5. Digital shadow economy refers to the trade in e-space, performed without paying any taxes to the state budget, excluding purely criminal activities such as drug trafficking, prostitution, etc.
9. The motivational determinants of purchacing goods/services from digital shadow economy are:
Strongly disagree (1)Disagree (2)Neither agree nor disagree (3)Agree (4)Strongly agree (5)
1. The lack of availability for economic activities
2. Unfavorable economic situation in the country (high unemployment, low salary)
3. Electronic potential (internet access, hardware and software quality, reasonable mobile phone and computer costs)
4. Reasonable digital data storage costs
5. Lower price
6. Development of financial innovations (short term credit for the consumer availability online)
7. Low tax morality level
8. Prevailing stereotypical negative opinion about Government institutions
9. Low possibility of tracking the purchace without paying VAT from legally non-existent entity or not officialy registered operational activity
10. Weak legal basis which would prohibit the use of cyber crime
11. The lack of professionals who would investigate cyber criminals, therefore you are not afraid to be punished
12. Poorely regulated and controlled legislative base in IT sector
13. IT age advantages (convenience buying without leaving home at any time of the day, anonymity)
14. The absence of desired goods in the local market
15. Time saving when purchasing goods/services online
10. What are the main channels through which you purchace goods/services online?
11. Your age:
12. Your gender:
13. Your income:
14. Your education:
15. Marital/family status:
16. Occupation/Profession:
17. What measures would prevent you from using digital space to purchace goods/services from illegal supplier?